ES集群检查常用命令

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一、集群检查常用命令

  1. 查询集群状态命令:
curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cluster/health?pretty"
  1. 查询Es全局状态:
curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cluster/stats?pretty"
  1. 查询集群设置
curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cluster/settings?pretty"
  1. 查看集群文档总数
curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/count?v"
  1. 查看集群文档总数
curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/count?v"
  1. 查看集群别名组
curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/aliases"

6.查看当前集群索引分片信息

curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/shards?v"   注:查看某一个索引可用shards/索引名?v

7.查看集群实例存储详细信息

curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/allocation?v"

8.查看当前集群的所有实例

curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/nodes?v"

9.查看某索引分片转移进度

curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/recovery/索引名?v"

10.查看当前集群等待任务

curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/pending_tasks?v"

11.查看集群写入线程池任务

curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/thread_pool/bulk?v"

12.查看集群查询线程池任务

curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/thread_pool/search?v"

13.查看分片未分配的原因

curl -XGET "http://127.0.0.1:24100/_cat/shards?v&h=index,shard,prirep,state,node,unassigned.reason" | grep UNASSIGNED

二、集群设置常用命令

  1. 设置集群分片恢复参数
curl -XPUT   "http://ip:httpport/_cluster/settings"  -H  'Content-Type: application/json' -d' { "transient": {    "cluster.routing.allocation.node_initial_primaries_recoveries":60,   "cluster.routing.allocation.node_concurrent_recoveries":30,   "cluster.routing.allocation.cluster_concurrent_rebalance":30   } }'
  1. 根据实例名称使EsNodeX实例下线:
curl -XPUT  "http://ip:httpport/_cluster/settings" -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d' {     "transient": {         "cluster.routing.allocation.exclude._name": "EsNode2@ip"      } }'
  1. 根据ip使ES数据节点下线:
curl -XPUT  "http://ip:httpport/_cluster/settings" -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d' {     "transient": {           "cluster.routing.allocation.exclude._ip": "ip1,ip2,ip3"      } }'
  1. 设置分片恢复过程中的最大带宽速度:
curl -XPUT "http://127.0.0.1:24100/_cluster/settings" -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'{ "transient":{     "indices.recovery.max_bytes_per_sec":"500mb"  }}'
  1. 重新分片为空的主分片
curl -XPOST  "http://127.0.0.1:24100/_cluster/reroute?pretty" -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d '{   "commands": [{                "allocate_empty_primary": {                                       "index": "indexname",                                       "shard": 2,                                      "node": "EsNode1@81.20.5.24",                                      "accept_data_loss":true                                           }               }]}'
  1. 重新分配主分片,会尝试将过期副本分片分片为主。
curl -XPOST "http://127.0.0.1:24100/_cluster/reroute?pretty" -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d '{   "commands": [{               "allocate_stale_primary": {                                        "index": "index1",                                        "shard": 2,                 "node": "EsNode1@189.39.172.103",                                        "accept_data_loss":true                                          }               }]}'

  1. 清理ES所有缓存
curl -XPOST "http://ip:port/_cache/clear"

8.关闭分片自动平衡

curl -XPUT "http://ip:port/_cluster/settings" -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d '{   "transient":{   "cluster.routing.rebalance.enable":"none" }}'

9.手动刷新未分配的分片

curl -XPOST "http://127.0.0.1:24100/_cluster/reroute?retry_failed=true"

三、索引查看常用命令

  1. 查询索引mapping和settings
curl -XGET --tlsv1.2  --negotiate -k -u : 'https://ip:port/my_index_name?pretty'
  1. 查询索引settings
curl -XGET--tlsv1.2  --negotiate -k -u : 'https://ip:port/my_index_name/_settings?pretty'

3.查看分片未分配详细命令

curl -XGET "http://127.0.0.1:24100/_cluster/allocation/explain?pretty" -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d '{"index": "indexname","shard": 17,"primary": true}'

4.修改索引只读字段属性为null,放开写入

curl -XPUT  "http://127.0.0.1:24100/*/_settings" -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{"index.blocks.read_only_allow_delete": null}'

四、索引设置常用命令

1.关闭索引

curl -XPOST 'http://ip:port/my_index/_close?pretty'

2.打开索引

curl -XPOST 'http://ip:port/my_index/_open?pretty'

3.修改索引刷新时间:

curl -XPUT 'http://ip:port/my_index/_settings?pretty' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'{"refresh_interval" : "60s"}'

4.修改translog文件保留时长,默认为12小时

curl -XPUT 'http://ip:port/my_index/_settings?pretty' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'{"index.translog.retention.age" : "30m"}'

5.设置索引副本:

curl -XPUT 'http://ip:port/my_index/_settings?pretty' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'{"number_of_replicas" : 1}'

6.执行refresh,将内存数据刷新到磁盘缓存

curl -XPOST 'http://ip:port/myindex/_refresh'

7.执行flush,将磁盘缓存刷新到文件系统

curl -XPOST 'https://ip:port/myindex/_flush'

8.执行synced flush,生成syncid

curl -XPOST  'http://ip:port/_flush/synced'
  1. 强制执行段合并
curl -XPOST 'http://ip:httpport/myindex/_forcemerge?only_expunge_deletes=false&max_num_segments=1&flush=true&pretty'

10.设置索引在每个esnode上的分片个数

curl -XPUT 'http://ip:httpport/myindex/_settings?pretty' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'{"index.routing.allocation.total_shards_per_node" : "2"}'
  1. 配置控制段合并的refresh、merge线程数等
curl -XPUT  "http://ip:port/my_index/_settings?pretty" -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'{"refresh_interval": "60s","merge":{"scheduler":{"max_merge_count" : "100","max_thread_count" : "1"},"policy":{"segments_per_tier" : "100","floor_segment" : "1m","max_merged_segment" : "2g"}}}'

12.设置索引的刷新时间和translog配置参数

注意:设置translog参数,必须先关闭索引,设置完成后再打开

代表设置所有索引,如果要设置具体某个索引,可以将替换为具体的索引名称

curl -XPUT "http://ip:httpport/*/_settings" -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'{ "index":{ "refresh_interval" : "60s","translog":{ "flush_threshold_size": "1GB", "sync_interval": "120s", "durability": "async"}}}'

13.限制每个索引在每个实例上的分片个数

curl -XPUT  'http://ip:httpport/myindex/_settings?pretty' -H 'Content-Type:application/json' -d '{"index.routing.allocation.total_shards_per_node":"2"}'

五、实例检查常用命令

1.查看实例安装插件

curl -XGET "http://ip:port/_cat/aliases"

2.查询指定ES实例的jvm参数:

curl -XGET 'http://ip:port/_nodes/EsNode1*/stats/jvm?pretty'curl -XGET 'http://ip:port/_nodes/EsNode1@12.40.16.156/stats/jvm?pretty'

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